How the New Right-wing Party AfD Dominates German Politics

Now Germany…
After all other European countries, the Federal Republic will also have a right wing party in the midst of its national parliament. The 13 percent, which the party achieved on Election Day, September 24, can be called a landslide victory. Beyond strongholds in the East of the country where they gained nearly thirty percent of their followers, their voter base now also extends to wide parts of the West of the country, where they numbered, in many places, in the double digits. 

The country, however, even 26 years after its reunification, still shows regional electoral preferences. In the nineties and the early ‘aughts the far left party Die Linke attained power in all states in the former East. They have now lost plenty of voters to the new right. In the West, on the other hand, right wing parties have sparked every ten years or so, only to disappear after a short while. Usually, they had a try-out period in state parliaments where they did not convince the electorate. They were not voted for again.

Until now Germans in the West, so it seems, had had enough of this extremism, for it led the country into the catastrophe of the Second World War and the Shoa. Nazism should never return to the country. The notion of a strong leader with claims to have the capacity to solve all the country’s problems was frowned upon. Moreover, today’s right wing extremists, the so called Alternative for Germany, did not fall in with one chairman but with a whole array of front row politicians, some of them using extreme right wing vocabulary. That included praise for the German Wehrmacht and revisionist utterances when it comes to German’s commemoration of the Holocaust. The new right wing populism is a pan-German phenomenon. And that was the real news in the results of this year’s election in Europe’s largest country.

Since the election, both German and international media are trying to wrap their head around the success the AfD had in this years voting. Undoubtedly the refugee crisis of 2015; where up to one million refugees from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and Somalia made it into Europe and further on to Germany; has played a role. The Alternative for Germany before the crisis had plummeted in the polls. Created in 2013 as a party mostly opposing the European Union and the European currency, they had initially lost momentum. When the refugees entered into Germany, one of their AfD chairs, Alexander Gauland, cheered: the refugees were a godsend to his party.  With their xenophobic, anti-Muslim voice they indeed quickly re-gathered followers: in the state of Sachsen-Anhalt they gained 24 percent of the votes in the state election, in Baden-Württemberg 15 percent. Mr. Gauland is the one who recently claimed that Germans ought to be proud of the Wehrmacht, the German army, and their doings in both two world wars; this outrageous statement only surpassed in egregiousness by Björn Höcke, who claimed that the Holocaust Memorial Site in Berlin should be considered a monument of shame for the Germans, urging the country to move on and leave any narrative commemorating the Shoa behind. The pundits disagree on whether the AfD receives their support for this sort of rhetoric. They are now in 13 of the countries 16 state parliaments and in the national parliament, the Bundestag.

The Bundestag in the Reichstags-Building is now the international stage for the party. They are in their view on equal terms with other similar movements all across Europe. But, more importantly, they are also on the radar of the international media that usually does not report about the ongoings in state-level German politics. That’s why the former right-wing movements disappeared rather unnoticed. Focusing on a single topic, they fail to govern once confronted in parliament with actual legislative work (“what is your stance on the pension funds, the retirement age or environmental protection?”). As a matter of fact, AfD made it into the Bundestag without having a concise pension model. And this in an aging society such as Germany! 

In the weeks before the Election Day, the AfD had sunk to seven percent in the polls, as one could expect given the prior experience of right-wingers. But all of a sudden – and there is lots of guesswork why this has happened – it went up again to 12, 13 percent, a figure very close to their final result. As a result of the success of the right wing populists the political spectrum in Germany has shifted to the right. It is a dangerous approach: the hope that people will return to traditional parties simply because they may use sharper rhetoric against the AfD is delusional. In Bavaria the conservative CSU (Christian Social Union), sister party to the CDU (Christian Democratic Union) that governed the country for almost seventy years, lost 11 percent in the federal election. They tried to mimic the new appeal and rhetoric of the AfD. But when people have the choice between an original and the copy, they go for the original. Very sadly so in this case.

Alexander Görlach is an affiliate professor with the FDR Foundation’s Defense of Democracy Program. He is also a fellow to the Center for Humanities (CRASSH) at the University of Cambridge, UK, and a senior fellow to the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs. Alex holds a PhD in linguistics and a PhD in comparative religion. He is the publisher of the online-magazine and an op-ed contributor to the New York Times. This article represents his views alone, rather than those of the FDR Foundation.

Jed Willard

Jed Willard is Director of the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Center for Global Engagement at Adams House, Harvard University. The FDR Center honors the 32nd American President’s legacy by pursuing solutions to current global challenges while keeping in mind their historical origins. Over the past decade, Willard has been pleased to consult to a number of governments and other international actors, helping them to understand prevalent and emerging narratives – the drivers of public opinion and sentiment – and creating strategies and structures to effectively engage citizens around the globe. His current efforts focus on adaptation to climate change, coping with disinformation, and revitalizing faith in liberal democracy.

Willard is a native of New Orleans, with a Bachelors Degree in History and a Masters Degree in Public Administration from Harvard.

Roosevelt Scholars Program




Over the last few years, the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Foundation has become convinced of the need for innovative undergraduate programs to enhance Harvard’s ability to produce humanists in the broadest sense of the word: humans interested in the well-being of their fellow humans.

Increasingly we see our students attracted to life metrics that define success solely in the narrowest of materialistic terms. This problem is particularly acute for those from lower or middle income backgrounds, for whom a College education is a one-time, risk-everything ticket towards increased social mobility.

The result at many colleges, including Harvard, has been a dramatic tilt into the pre-law, pre-med, pre-business, and now, pre-tech tracks of study, fields that have traditionally yielded high-paying careers. Unfortunately, the requirements of these concentrations have become so time consuming and so internally focused that they leave room for few other disciplines, certainly not for history and the arts — the very fields that provide the creative grist essential to the interdisciplinary solutions the 21st century will require.

Gone too is any real attempt at inculcating in our undergraduates the sense of empathy and altruism that so motivated Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt. “To whom much is given, much is expected” was ingrained in the everyday work of their lives, yet today’s Ivy League students have forgotten that with the vast universe of possibilities this same education provides, come very real and concomitant responsibilities.

Our future leaders will need to combine the clear analytical skills of the scientist; the critical judgment of the historian, the flexibility of the diplomat, the heightened sensitivity of the artist and the empathy of a humanitarian to successfully confront the daunting challenges ahead, yet we have stopped making the formation of such individuals our priority.

In response, the Foundation has decided to launch at Harvard a model effort to restore a level of disciplinary balance and ethical compass to the undergraduate experience, one guided by the humanitarian spirit of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt.


Why the Roosevelts

Franklin and Eleanor, often working as partners and in concert with many others, sought solutions to problems that remain with us today: economic inequality, financial regulation, civil rights and voting rights, environmental degradation, conservation of natural resources, and—in the wake of World War II—a search for world peace and universal human rights. They both made mistakes. Still, they met their world with an unshakeable faith in the capacity of the American people to participate in democracy and triumph over adversity.

Born into America’s aristocracy, Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt shared a commitment to improving the lives of those less privileged. Far more than noblesse oblige, it was a practical morality that obligated everyone — not just the privileged — to make the world a better place.

“Where, after all, do universal human rights begin? In small places, close to home – so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any maps of the world… Without concerted citizen action . . . we shall look in vain for progress in the larger world.”                                                               – Eleanor Roosevelt

Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt had an unstinting commitment to the responsibility of individuals to address the problems of their day. We intend to reignite that model by immersing the Roosevelt Fellows in this empathetic world view of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt — where people achieve success by strengthening their communities, their country, and their planet, and through that, themselves.


The Roosevelt Scholars Program (RSP)

 We propose to select five freshmen members of a near-future class to become the first “Roosevelt Scholars.” (This designation is deliberate, as it acknowledges and honors the contributions of both ER and FDR.) These students will come from diverse backgrounds. Their single uniting factor is that they will have normally been expected to hold part-time jobs during term-time to contribute to their cost of education. The Foundation will provide stipends for these five students, freeing them from the job requirement during the fall and spring semesters. In return, they will dedicate ten to twelve hours a week in their sophomore year to programming and activities devised by the Foundation.

The goals are to elucidate the history and legacy of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, particularly their exemplary record of public service; provide intimate learning opportunities with world-renowned experts who will introduce the scholars to the interconnectivity of the arts and sciences; and finally, to facilitate one-on-one time with world-thought leaders to better understand the issues confronting our interwoven global existence.

In the spring, the Scholars, with the guidance of the Foundation, will begin to formulate a public service project with a definable result and measurable goal, which they will implement together in Cambridge the following summer, working full time from June to August. The project, an end in itself as well as a means to teach creativity, flexible thinking, and compromise, will be defined by the students themselves; the Foundation will provide professional and logistical support.
We expect this concept to create a small cadre of alumni who will then branch out year after year into all fields of endeavor, their perspectives sufficiently altered by their year-long RSP experience as to contribute just a little less to themselves, and a little more their fellow human beings.


Who We Are

Faculty Advisors of the Roosevelt Scholars Program:
Kathleen Colemen, James Loeb Professor of Classics, Harvard University
Henry Louis Gates, Alphonse Fletcher University Professor and Director of the Hutchins Center for African and African American Research, Harvard University
Martin Karplus, Theodore William Richards Professor of Chemistry, emeritus at Harvard University, Emeritus, Nobel Laureate, Harvard University
Robert Kiely, Donald P. and Katherine B. Loker Professor of English, Emeritus, former Faculty Dean of Adams House, Harvard University
Michael McCormick, Francis Goelet Professor of Medieval History, Chair, Science of the Human Past, Harvard University
Judy Palfrey MD, Faculty Dean of Adams House, T. Berry Brazelton Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School
Sean Palfrey MD, Faculty Dean of Adams House, Professor of Medicine Boston University
Paul Reville, Francis Keppel Professor of Practice of Educational Policy & Administration Founding Director, Education Redesign Lab, Harvard Graduate School of Education

Non-Faculty Advisors:
Jennifer Childs-Roshak, MD, Director, Planned Parenthood of Massachusetts
Robert Heckart, Former Senior Fellow Harvard Advance Leadership Program, Member, Advisory Board Y2Y Shelter
David Huebner, Former United States Ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa; Partner at Arnold and Porter, LLP
Cynthia M. Koch, PhD, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Foundation Resident Historian, Past Director FDR Presidential Library
Hugh Blair-Smith, Spacecraft Computer Scientist, Author
Aubrey Threlkeld, PhD, Educational Consultant, Lecturer, Harvard University
Michael Weishan, Founding Executive Director, FDR Foundation
Jed Willard, Director of Global Engagement, FDR Foundation

About the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Foundation

The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Foundation is based at Adams House, Harvard University and is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization that uses the Roosevelt legacy to address pressing domestic and international problems. Through active cross-disciplinary collaboration between policy-shapers, scholars and students, we seek to reintroduce tomorrow’s decision-makers to the New Deal philosophy that inspired the most effective and long-lasting reforms of that era: bold, persistent experimentation and above all, harnessing the power of hope to promote a spirit of social cooperation and activism.
Our current initiatives focus on:

  • impacts of climate change and automation on high-risk populations
  • threats to democracy across the globe
  • dangers of rising American isolationism
  • building a creative citizenry to better face the disruptions of the 21st century

The FDR Foundation is uniquely positioned to achieve its mission because of our location at the center of one of the most vibrant intellectual communities on the planet: Harvard. In addition to being able to tap renowned experts in almost every imaginable field of endeavor, each year some 1500 of the world’s most talented undergraduates arrive at our doors, able to carry the Roosevelts’ message of intellectual vigor, compassion and hope to towns and cities in every nation on earth — but only if they are exposed to it. The metric of our success is minds shaped, and tangible good achieved.

While we celebrate the lives of two famous Democrats, we believe the leadership evinced by Eleanor and Franklin transcends party lines, and we count supporters from both major parties in our ranks. Although located at Harvard, we receive only in-kind support from Harvard University. Our activities to date have been entirely funded by individuals and organizations who believe in what we do, and we truly need your help to continue our mission as we seek to develop the Roosevelt Scholars Program.

The Roosevelt Scholars Program Projected Budget

We estimate the annual fixed costs of this program, through the three-year trial, at $150K, including the creation and management of all related activities; staffing, supervision and overhead; as well as the costs required to implement the public service project. Annual per-student costs will be in the $10-12K range for five students; the program could ultimately service an additional ten students at substantially reduced per capita costs.

The first step to implementing the Roosevelt Scholars Program is to put together $100K in seed funding to develop the curriculum and create the RSP content.

We expect the seed money to allow us to complete the design of this program within 12-16 months. Our target class is Harvard 2022 or 2023.

While the curriculum is being developed, the Foundation intends to mount a major fundraising push to raise $675K to fund the program for a three-year trial. If the trial is successful, the Foundation will then seek to raise an endowment to make the program a permanent feature at Harvard — and potentially replicable at other universities as well.

Sample Semester Schedule: Fall

Topic Weeks
The Post-WWII Order 3
Climate Change and Migration 4
The Fragility of Democracy 4


Sample Semester Schedule: Spring


Topic Weeks
Exploration of Inequality 3
Exploration of the Link Between the Arts, Creativity and Resilient Communities 4
Practicum: Design and Plan Public Service Project 4


Summer Practicum: Implement Public Service Project
(40 hr/wk)


The first week of each topic (except for Practicum) comprises:


Topic Hours
Visual Media 2-4
Reading 1-2
Lessons from the Past 2
Lessons from the Present 1-3
Lessons from the Future (Friday Lunch) 1
Postprandial Weekly Digest & Conversation (Optional)
Online review & test to be taken before Saturday noon .5


Roosevelt Scholars Sample Summer Public Service Project

A small non-profit has established a Community Support Agriculture (CSA) farm on an abandoned lot in a Boston immigrant neighborhood. The CSA’s stated mission is to provide healthy organic food to underserved urban populations. The organization received money from the state for the site cleanup five years ago, and has been growing gourmet greens there ever since. However, despite a dedicated staff, the CSA has yet to break even. With two years of funding remaining, the Executive Director (ED) decides to apply to the FDR Foundation’s Roosevelt Scholars program for help finding a viable way forward.

The Roosevelt Scholars meet the ED of the CSA, along with economic advisor Nancy Smith from the Harvard Business School, to review operations and practices. Smith suggests that the problem may lie in the fact that the farm is attempting to grow produce unfamiliar to the local immigrant community surrounding the garden. More importantly, the price point may be too high. The students are assigned to canvass the neighborhood, and determine what kind of fresh produce the residents want.

As expected, the list is quite different from that previously grown by the CSA in its first two seasons. The Scholars meet with State agricultural experts to learn how well (or not) some of these exotic varieties grow in Boston, what their culture requirements are, and how practical they are to raise. They visit local ethnic restaurants with the ED and see how these foods are served, as well as local markets to determine appropriate pricing. At this point, the group becomes divided as to how to proceed: half votes to change what the CSA grows entirely; the other half, along with the current ED, would like to explore ways to educate the public about its gourmet greens, albeit sold at a lower price-point. The Scholars agree to split into two groups to test these hypotheses. The Scholars, with the help of the CSA staff, plant the two different crops.

As the crops mature, the students work full time and learn how to tend an urban garden from local experts, and how to harvest, clean and present produce for sale. Again with the help of Nancy Smith who visits every other week, they learn the basics of marketing and promotion, and are tasked with designing community engagement programs to get people onto the farm and educate them as to the benefits of eating fresh, unprocessed foods. The gourmet greens group decides to bring in a famous local chef for a Saturday food fair. The ethnic foods group develops weekly flyers and delivers them door to door in the area surrounding the garden advertising low prices.

By the end of the summer, the results are in: although sales have increased in both categories, on a per square foot basis it was far easier and more profitable to grow vegetables that the local consumer was already familiar with, and adjust price point to meet market demands. The gourmet group discovers however that there is a ready market for direct-to-restaurant sales, which command a much higher mark-up, and that the key to financial success for this particular CSA is to dedicate one-third of its production to wholesale restaurant sales, which then help to subsidize low-cost produce for the local neighborhood. This formula stabilizes the CSA’s finances, enhances its core philanthropic mission, and completes the Scholars’ project for the year.

Critical elements of this scenario that make it successful and that all potential projects must share:

  • Host organization applies to the FDR Foundation and is deemed a suitable candidate, i.e., the organization is viable, but lacks capacity to solve a specific problem, and is willing to make changes.
  • Scholars tap Harvard talent and expertise, as well as outside experts as advisors.
  • Host organization is able to provide active management and direction for scholars.
  • Scholars independently assess options within the confines of the problem set, and experiment with different courses of action.
  • Results are tangible and measurable within the term of their project, both for students and host organization.






All Campus Canada Caucus, with Consul General of Canada to New England, David Alward 10/2

Civilization, after all, is not national — it is international — even though that observation, trite as it is to most of us, seems to be challenged in some parts of the world today… In a large sense, we in the Americas stand charged today with the maintaining of that tradition… We know the sorrow and the wreckage which may follow if the ability of men to understand each other is rooted out from among the nations.


Eighty-two years ago, during the negotiations for the 1935 Reciprocal Trade Agreement between Canada and the United States, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King began a friendship that would prove critical to both nations in the decade to follow. Although the two men had not met previously, they shared a Harvard connection: FDR received his B.A. in 1904; King his doctorate in 1909. Likewise, the pair discovered that they shared a world-view: both FDR and King understood that close cooperation between our countries was required to realize their goal of a peaceful and prosperous hemisphere.

Recently, in the United States and elsewhere, some have begun to question the intertwined nature of our global existence, with pugilistic nationalism taking the place of international negotiation. Canada has not only resisted these trends, but in fact redoubled its efforts at preserving and promoting a global order based on rules. Given the strong Harvard-Canada connection, the historical friendship between two of North America’s greatest leaders, and in celebration of Canada’s 150th anniversary, we are honored to host the Consul General of Canada to New England, David Alward.

canflagDate: Monday, October 2, 2017
Time: 5-7pm
Location: Adams House Lower Common Room, 26 Plympton St, Cambridge
The Consul General will give welcoming remarks on Canada-US relations, the Boston consulate’s activities, and engaging with the Canadian community in New England. We will have the rest of the time to meet fellow Canadians and our friends, undergraduate and graduate, across Harvard University.
Light refreshments and snacks will be served.


Réception à Harvard avec le Consul général du Canada en Nouvelle-Angleterre, David Alward
Organisée par les groupes d’étudiants canadiens à l’Université Harvard
Date: lundi le 2 octobre 2017
Heure: 17 h à 19 h
Lieu: Adams House Lower Common Room, 26 Plympton St, Cambridge, MA 02138
Le Consul général adressera quelques mots de bienvenue sur les relations canado-américaines, les activités du consulat à Boston, et participer dans la communauté canadienne en Nouvelle-Angleterre. Le reste du temps est ouvert pour rencontrer des collègues canadiens, de premier cycle et des cycles supérieurs, de toute l’université. Des rafraîchissements et des amuse-gueules seront servis.

How Marguerite LeHand Shaped the Franklin D. Roosevelt White House

During the New Deal, Eleanor Roosevelt redefined the role of first lady and Frances Perkins broke ground as the first woman in the cabinet. And then there was Marguerite LeHand, whose official position was personal secretary to the president, Franklin D. Roosevelt.

But a new book, Kathryn Smith’s “The Gatekeeper: Missy LeHand, FDR, and the Untold Story of the Partnership That Defined a Presidency,” and the private letters and other documents on which it is in part based, reveal that LeHand’s unceremonious title masked the outsize role she played. (Just like Perkins, she was a secretary, as most people understand the job title, in name only.)

LeHand was also Roosevelt’s companion, confidante, adviser and hostess at the White House and at Warm Springs, in Georgia. She counseled him on cabinet and court appointments and was the only staff member who referred to him as “F.D.” She also, at times, had the sole authority to forward a call at night to his bedroom, as she did when her fiancé, Ambassador William C. Bullitt Jr., telephoned from Europe in 1939 to report that Germany had invaded Poland.

Read More in the New York Times

“The End of a Dream”: Harvard, Imperialism, and the Spanish American War (Fall 2018)

“We are now engaged in cursing out the sacredest  thing in this great human world — the attempt of a people long enslaved to attain freedom and work out its own destiny.”  William James

“America has lost her unique position as a leader in the progress of civilization, and has taken up her place simply as one of the grasping and selfish nations of the present day.”  Charles Eliot Norton

We are false to all we have believed in. This great free land which for more than a century has offered a refuge to the oppressed of every land, has now turned to oppression.” Moorfield Storey

It has been a splendid little war, begun with the highest motives, carried on with magnificent intelligence and spirit, favored by that Fortune which loves the brave.”  Secretary of State John Hay to Theodore Roosevelt

The Spanish American War, Harvard, & the Rise of American Empire

The Spanish American War of 1898 lasted barely ten weeks and is largely forgotten today, but the conflict was one of those rare nexus points in history that shaped the destiny of four continents. In Spain, the sudden loss of almost all colonial territories generated a national crisis of confidence that set the stage for the Spanish Civil War. In the Caribbean, Cuba began the long journey to Castro and beyond. Puerto Rico half-lurched into the American confederacy — its future still not resolved today. In the Pacific, the US became an uncomfortable colonial power in the Philippines, ostensibly under the banner of high altruism, but in reality motivated by poorly disguised commercial and strategic interests — a fact not lost on Harvard academics like Charles Eliot Norton and William James, who mourned the war as the end of the American dream. TR and his Great White Fleet, the naval race between Great Britain and Germany, the Panama Canal, FDR’s views on naval power and US involvement in WWI and WII, the rise of modern journalism, even the role of Harvard as a center of global policy — all these and many other seemingly unrelated events can trace their origins directly back to a fateful day in April of 1898.

Join us in 2018 on the 120th anniversary of the Spanish American War as the Foundation takes a multi-disciplinary look back at ten weeks that forever changed the modern world.